The king is shown with a parasol over his head travelling with an entourage. To the right of the king an archer appears with bow and arrow aiming at the monkeys. Realizing that their lives are in peril, they appeal to the Great Monkey (Bodhisattva) who climbs onto the mango tree, grabbing the branch firmly, stretching himself across the river. The relief show the Bodhisattva as the bridge by which monkeys escape to join the rest of the troop in the forest. Notice the depiction of the river with crocodile and fishes!
In the tale, when the king asked the Great Monkey as to why he risked his life to protect the monkeys he replies, "Great king, I guard the herd. I am their lord and chief. When they were filled with fear of your archers, I leapt a great distance to save them. I managed to hold the branch of the mango tree so that my monkeys could pass over my back and reach safety. Because I could save them, I have no fear of death. Like a righteous king, I could guarantee the happiness of those over whom I reign. Sir, understand this truth! If you wish to be a righteous ruler, the happiness of your kingdom, your cities, and your people must be dear to you. It must be dearer than your life."
A timely reminder these days.
Incidentally today is the World Mango Day!!